What are the various types of diabetes? Steps to increase metabolic health for prevention   |  Photo Credit: iStock Images
- Diabetes is a common, but serious condition that affects millions of people around the world
- Diabetes can be of different types, depending on the root cause of why it happens
- Know more about the different types of diabetes, and the ways you can prevent the condition from developing
New Delhi: Diabetes is a very common condition that affects millions of people around the world. Every year, a few more million patients and sufferers of the condition are added to the number. However, diabetes is not just of one type and can differ based on the primary cause of the condition, the state of the body in which it happens, and other factors. As the different types of diabetes differ in the root cause, their treatments, prevention methods, and measures to manage them also differ accordingly. Therefore, it is very important for people to know the type of diabetes that affects them, or is likely to. This awareness can help in understanding how they can prevent the condition, delay its onset, and/or manage it if and when it finally develops.
Different types of Diabetes
When the level of glucose (a kind of sugar) in our blood is higher than normal, the condition is known as diabetes. Normally, the pancreas makes the hormone insulin. However, in type 2 diabetes, your body either resists the effects of insulin or doesn’t produce enough insulin to maintain normal glucose levels.
According to Dr Altamash Shaikh, consultant endocrinologist, diabetologist and metabolic superspecialist at Masina Hospital, Mumbai, broadly, there are three main types of diabetes. These are – type1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). There are other rarer forms too like genetic forms and others.
When there is no production of insulin, it is referred to as T1DM. When there is insulin but does not work correctly itself or the body is unable to use it, it is referred to as T2DM. Similarly, when this happens during the third trimester of pregnancy, (7-9 months) it is called GDM.
Type 2 diabetes is the commonest type of diabetes that people suffer from, all around the world. Although it has its risk and diabetic complications, the best part is that it is seventy per cent is preventable. Once you start working on your risk factors for diabetes, the metabolism improves.
Tips to improve metabolic health, prevent diabetes
Dr Shaikh also shared some steps to help you reach your desired goal. Following are four smart ways to increase metabolic health so as to lead you to the prevention of diabetes:
- Eat slow, chew slow.
- Protein snacking to avoid overeating at lunch and dinner.
- Start by avoiding added sugars.
- Take fibre in any form that suits you. It increases satiety and controls weight over the long term, besides benefiting in smoother stools. Vegetables and fruits are preferable.
- The crash diets to be avoided.
- No quick-fix diets. Hydrate with water choosing over juices / soft drinks.
- Walking 10,000 steps a day or simply walking for 45 minutes a day.
- This helps in using glucose, improves insulin sensitivity and burning extra calories too.
- Brisk walking is an excellent step to burn calories and improve not only physical but also mental health.
- Try exercises which you can enjoy and can do for a longer period of time.
- You may include short bouts of brisk walking/ jogging (brisk-slow-brisk-slow or walk-jog-walk-jog) during your regular walk.
This is vital to achieving the benefits of reduced risks of metabolic issues. Mild to moderate weight loss, of 5 per cent to 10 per cent of current body weight, helps restore metabolism and also greatly reduces the chances of metabolic diseases like diabetes. Understanding the importance of why you want to lose weight keeps you motivated to make all types of changes in eating.
Apart from above tips on eating and exercise, there are few more steps like, afternoon napping, muscle building, eating spices as tolerated (without getting acidity) also help to reduce risk and improve metabolism. Follow an appropriate sleep schedule of 7-8 hours. One can keep an account of any cheat food days. You can maintain the record of your daily lifestyle in your daily journal which can help you take necessary actions accordingly.
Disclaimer: Tips and suggestions mentioned in the article are for general information purpose only and should not be construed as professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor or a dietician before starting any fitness programme or making any changes to your diet.